The Cannabis Act is a regulatory framework that governs the legal cultivation, production, and distribution of cannabis in Canada. Officially in effect on October 17th, 2018, the Cannabis Act affords specific cannabis-related liberties to Canadian residents including the right to legally purchase quality-assured cannabis, the freedom to participate in a licensed cultivation market, and the right to grow four cannabis plants at home. The current Cannabis Act remains in effect, however, the details which govern its legality are up for review later this year. During this legislative review, members of parliament are required to review the current state of the industry and recommend and identify key changes to the act.
At GreenPlanet Nutrients, we strongly believe that any review of the Cannabis Act should be influenced by the people who participate in the industry. That’s why we’ve chosen to support the Global Cannabis Cultivation Research Consortium (GCCRC), as they attempt to gather unique data from cannabis cultivators to influence the review of the Cannabis Act. The GCCRC is currently collecting data on cannabis cultivation around the world. In Canada, however, the call for cultivation data is desperately needed to influence the review of the Cannabis Act in 2021. Want your voice to be a part of the future of cannabis in Canada? Let’s hear what you have to say – take the GCCRC Survey today!
About the Global Cannabis Cultivation Research Consortium (GCCRC) Survey
The Global Cannabis Cultivation Research Consortium (GCCRC) is a group of academic researchers with decades of interest and experience in studying cannabis cultivation. Associated with universities and similar organizations in over 15 countries, the GCCRC is committed to the scientific study of cannabis cultivation, legality, and policy. In Canada, the heads of the GCCRC committee are the following:
Dr. David-Martin Milot: Professor of Drug Addiction Studies and Research Programs at the University of Sherbrooke.
Dr. Karine Bertrand: Professor, Researcher, and Director of the Department of Community Health Sciences at the University Sherbrooke.
Dr. Daniel Bear: Professor in the Faculty of Social and Community Services at Humber College.
The GCCRC collected similar data on cannabis in 2012. However, the goal of the current survey is to collect unique cannabis cultivation data that will help influence and educate policymakers in the review of the Cannabis Act later this year. Canada recently legalized cannabis, but there isn’t enough quality information about many people are growing cannabis, why they grow cannabis, and how they grow cannabis. The GCCRC hopes that this study will shed light on those issues, and allow researchers to make conclusions about how Canadian cannabis growers compare to others around the world.
Take the GCCRC Survey
To take part in the survey you must:
Currently live in Canada.
Be 18 years of age or older.
Have grown cannabis at least once in your life.
If you choose to take part in this study you will be asked to complete an online survey that takes about 20 minutes to finish. You’ll be asked questions relating to your cannabis growing practices, including information about policies and laws in your area. The GCCRC is committed to providing its participants with complete anonymity and confidentiality – no personal or identifying information is required, no follow-up questions will be asked, and participation in the study will involve no cost.
Thank you for supporting the future of cannabis cultivation in Canada! For more questions about the GCCRC Survey, please contact the head Primary Investigator of this project, Professor Daniel Bear, at Daniel.Bear@Humber.ca or 416-675-6622 ext.3680.
With strong genetics, ideal weather and quality sourced inputs, even novice growers can experience success during the outdoor season. New growers have taken to the outdoor garden for many reasons; but most notably, growing outside requires little to no upfront investment, as lighting systems, environmental hardware and digital controls are managed naturally by the spring and summer months. So, with the environment in the garden taken care of, there is only a single input that needs to be continually purchased – fertilizer.
Among other nutrient systems specifically tailored for the outdoor garden, BackCountry Blend is the only feed program that promises economic nutrition without compromising results. Follow the article below for more information on the cost of fertilizer, and save money this season with GreenPlanet Nutrients BackCountry Blend.
The Cost of Fertilizer During the Outdoor Season
The following passages are a cost-benefit analysis of the investment of nutrient “inputs” during the outdoor season. The analysis will show between two feeding programs, Hydro Fuel’s 4-Part liquid fertilizer and BackCountry’s Blend (BCB) slow-release nutrient system, that GreenPlanet’s BCB program evidently saves the grower both upfront and continual costs over the duration of the outdoor season. To minimize variables, consistent parameters and concepts have been set into our nutrient calculator throughout the analysis; these include:
The analysis will be broken down into two sections: one that will examine the upfront and overtime costs associated with liquid fertilizer, and one that will determine the cost of a granular, slow-release system.
The Cost of Growing with Liquid Fertilizer
By using GreenPlanet’s Hydro Fuel 4-Part nutrient system, you can expect the upfront and recurring investment of fertilizer during the outdoor season to be approximately $1,097.92. Based on the parameters listed above, and by carefully following the nutrient calculations for Hydro Fuel’s 4-Part feed program, a 10L set of the Hydro Fuel nutrient system would be required for an outdoor garden of this size.
While there is obviously some variation in amounts and requirements as we examine each nutrient supplement, based on the “bundle” package gardeners receive when buying fertilizer in bulk amounts, the 10L system is the recommended start to finish quantity. The fertilizer volume amounts over a 14-week period were calculated by referring to the Hydro Fuel 4-Part feed program nutrient calculator. Sticking with the conceptualized parameters of the analysis, the reservoir size was set at 200L, the vegetative period was extended by three weeks, and the nutrient amounts were doubled to simulate feeding at least twice per indicated week.
The Cost of Growing with Slow-Release Fertilizer
Using GreenPlanet’s BackCountry Blend formula in an outdoor garden of the same size will result in average fertilization costs of $137.97. Again, by following the concepts, garden parameters and nutrient calculations listed above, 10 plants with a maximum height of six feet would only require the smallest size of the BackCountry Blend feeding program.
This program includes BackCountry Blend Grow, BackCountry Blend Bloom and BackCountry Blend Boost, all in 5KG sizes. Here are the following nutrient and feeding requirements for the same 14-week growing season:
Unlike the liquid feed program above, with the BackCountry Blend formula, there is absolutely no variation in fertilizer amounts. So, not only is the granular, slow-release fertilizer more cost-effective, but it also proposes increased simplicity, cuts down on labour costs, and, with nutrient enrichment only necessary 6 out of 14 weeks, the BackCountry Blend feeding system evidently suggests a more relaxed feeding schedule. The fertilizer volume amounts were calculated by referring to the BackCountry Blend feed program nutrient calculator. The average feeding amounts of 3 tsp or 15 grams was multiplied by 10 to fit the parameters of a 10 plant outdoor garden.
Cost Comparison between the 4 Part Hydro Fuel Feed Program & BackCountry Blend Outdoor Feed Program
Above we’ve calculated the individual costs of growing with the Hydro Fuel Feed Program and the BackCountry Blend Outdoor Feed Program. Below we’ve summarized the costs for you to see the price difference.
Based on the analysis above, and with the assumption that either feed program will result in consistent benefits, the BackCountry feed program is arguably the best fit for the outdoor garden. Not only is the BCB formula more cost-effective, coming in almost eight times cheaper than a liquid fertilizer program, but the additional decrease in labour and time is of added benefit to gardens at any scale. Furthermore, the BackCountry Blend feed program is a dry, granular product; meaning, that GreenPlanet’s BCB formula has an increased shelf life as opposed to liquid fertilizers that were exposed to air. For example, the analysis shows that a 10 plant garden could have over three successful seasons of outdoor growing on the initial investment of $137.97.
Want to save time, money and labour in the garden this season? Make the switch to BackCountry Blend! Contact a member of the GreenPlanet sales team, or your local garden supply store for product information and purchasing inquiries.
Among other nutrient systems specifically tailored for the outdoor garden, BackCountry Blend is the only feed program that promises significant cost savings without compromising results.
Unlike liquid fertilizers that require bi-weekly feedings, mixing and constant buffering, BackCountry Blend saves growers time by being the simplest and most aggressive slow-release formula on the market.
With a slow-release fertilizer like BackCountry Blend, you can expect a massive decrease in labour
On the subject of plant food, it’s clear that liquid nutrients are held in the highest regard by the majority of experienced growers. Feeding programs, specifically those which offer a variety of organic, synthetic or mixed-method approaches to fertilization, time after time, produce the most quality-driven and consistent results. However, as the garden moves outdoors, the superiority of liquid nutrients becomes less of a consensus and more of a debate. This change in methodology is arguably sparked a simple cost-benefit analysis of the growing season. For example, if the cost of liquid fertilizer is continually integrated into the budget of an outdoor garden, the return on investment of the season is significantly reduced. And, in an outdoor garden, where quantity is the goal, quality-driven liquid plant food does little to replicate the flower produced in an indoor environment.
With the season approaching, there is one formula trusted by the experienced outdoor gardener – GreenPlanet Nutrients BackCountry Blend. Coming in three specific “parts”, BackCountry Blend is the complete, cost-effective and reliable system of plant nutrition that was specifically designed to save the outdoor grower time, money and labour. For the best results in the garden this year, follow the article below to learn more about BackCountry Blend.
Unlike liquid fertilizers that require bi-weekly feedings, mixing and constant buffering, Backcountry Blend saves growers time by being the simplest and most aggressive slow-release formula on the market.
Among other nutrients systems specifically tailored for the outdoor garden, Backcountry Blend is the only feed program that promises significant cost savings without compromising results.
With a slow-release fertilizer like Backcountry Blend, you can expect a massive decrease in labour.
For us at YETIVA, BACKCOUNTRY BLEND worked flawlessly. AFFORDABILITY, STABLE & TIME SAVING!!! We were under time constraints and just couldn’t have been busier, BACKCOUNTRY made daily and weekly maintenance a breeze and saved time in so many ways. PLUS our plants had never been happier. Not to mention the reps and staff at GreenPlanet answering any and all questions we had. We here at YETIVA will be continuing to use GREENPLANET from here on out.
BackCountry Blend (BCB) is a granular, slow-release nutrient system that provides your plants with stable nutrition throughout periods of vegetative, flowering and ripening growth. The complete feed program comes in three parts: Grow, Bloom and Boost. While each product has the same application in the garden, each part has its own function based on the specific stage of plant growth. Furthermore, the Grow, Bloom and Boost formulations of BackCountry Blend come incorporated with TrueCoat technology: a proprietary blend of micronutrients that are amended into each and every pellet of BackCountry Blend. This ensures that plants remain healthy and unblemished by nutrient deficiencies throughout all stages of growth.
BackCountry Blend: Grow
Backcountry Blend Grow contains a carefully selected blend of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca) that are measured specifically for the vegetative stage. With an N-P-K ratio of 16-10-8, BCB Grow is an aggressive vegetative formula with high nitrogen and calcium content that promotes general health, excessive spurts of vertical growth and the production of broad, green leaves and foliage.
BackCountry Blend: Bloom
BackCountry Blend Bloom contains a full spectrum of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca) that are measured specifically for the flowering stage. The Bloom formula of BCB includes higher levels of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) that plants require during the flowering stage. Phosphorus plays a key role in essential functions of the plant such as photosynthesis, transfer of energy, and nutrient movement through the plant. Potassium aids in the conversion of phosphorus into energy your plants can use and strengthens cell walls to support larger yields.
BackCountry Blend: Boost
BackCountry Blend Boost is designed to be used in conjunction with BackCountry Blend Bloom during the flowering stage. Boost provides your outdoor plants with an extra dose of phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and calcium (Ca), as well as the addition of humic acid. Phosphorus and potassium are vital elements that aid in the development of flowers and the movement of nutrients through the plant. Calcium plays a major role in cell wall composition and also helps maintain chemical balances in the soil. Humic acid aids in the movement of nutrients through the grow medium, making them easier for the plant to absorb. These added benefits improve overall yields, floral development, colour, aroma and hardening in late flower.
Use and Application
For reliable results, apply BackCountry Blend Grow,Bloom and Boost at a rate of 0.5-1 teaspoon(s) per foot of plant height. Begin application of the BCB formula when plants are well established in pots or beds and have at least 8-12 inches of vertical growth. Broadcast the granular fertilizer evenly across the media, pre-amended your choice of soil-based media, or pile your application of BCB under drip emitters or next to the stalk of the plant. Because BackCountry Blend is such an aggressive formula, allow 3-5 weeks to pass before re-enriching your medium. Like most other feeding programs, the BackCountry Blend feed system has a prescribed method of use over time. To get the most out of the BCB feed program, review and follow the system on a week-by-week basis.
Want to elevate your garden with BackCountry Blend? GreenPlanet is here to help! Contact a member of the GreenPlanet sales team, or your local garden supply store for product information and purchasing inquiries.
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When mastered, deep water culture (DWC) systems have the highest potential for water, nutrient and labour savings. Not to mention, if the right strain is selected for a DWC system, there is essentially no limit to the size of plant you might grow. Other benefits to DWC systems include a relaxed and automated feeding schedule, enhanced growth rates, simplistic scalability and clean, aromatic, sugar-coated flowers. While deep water-culture operations have amazing potential, the path to creating a reliable system is often challenging, as inputs like water temperature, soluble fertilizer, aeration and recirculation need to be set in place and managed at all times. For tips on growing a successful crop in deep water-culture, follow the passages below:
What is Deep Water Culture?
Like most other hydroponic systems, deep water culture is the method of growing outside of mediums like soil; however, DWC takes the science of hydroponics a step further and submerges plants completely in aerated water, which affords plants the most oxygenated and nutrient-filled environment possible. DWC systems can be constructed in varying patterns, are highly scalable, and use nothing but water, nutrients and hydroponic medium to support plants during growth. While it is possible to construct your own DWC system, this process can be extremely complicated. So, if your experience in engineering hydroponic systems are limited, this job may be better left to the experts. You can find DWC systems to suit all kinds of growers, from novice to commercial. To browse GreenPlanet Wholesale’s selection of recirculating deep water culture systems, click here.
The Benefits of DWC Systems
Because the root-zone is surrounded by nutrient solution, there is no buffer-time between root and nutrient exchange. This leads plants to grow faster and more vigorously throughout periods of growth and bloom. Royal Queen Seeds, an international proponent of the growing potential of DWC systems, affirms this claim in the lines:
Plants grown in DWC setups have easier access to oxygen and nutrients, which means they spend less energy searching for nutrients and developing roots. As a result, plants will reward you with fast vegetative growth and excellent yields. In a good DWC set up with the right nutrients and strain, cannabis can grow as much as 10cm in a single day!
(Royal Queen Seeds, 2018, para. 4)
Now that the method and potential benefits of growing in deep water-culture are clear, let’s look at some of the features of DWC that protect your crop from unwanted issues.
One of the most important features of a DWC system to manage is water temperature. Because the environment of an indoor garden is quite warm, usually sitting around 80-85 degrees Fahrenheit (26-29C), the water inside hydroponic reservoirs can begin to heat up as well. As the temperatures of the reservoir rise, say above 72F (22C), this can cause major issues for plants growing in DWC systems. For instance, in warm water, oxygen levels begin to plummet, creating an anaerobic environment, and leave plants exposed to issues like root-rot, pythium and unwanted bacteria cultures. To combat this issue, it is highly recommended to use fans, coils, insulation or chillers to cool your water source. GroWell, an online source of knowledge and growing equipment, has this to say on the importance of temperature in DWC systems:
One of the best methods for preventing pythium from occurring in recirculating hydroponic systems is to maintain the optimum nutrient solution temperatures by insulating the reservoir and using a chiller. Most pythium species responsible for hydroponic crop damage are very active at a temperature range of 20-30C, so try and keep the solution at a cool 18-20C.
(GroWell, 2014, para. 21)
In short, for your best chance of fighting against root disease, keep water temperatures cool, provide your roots with vigorous amounts of oxygen, and if necessary, install external chillers to keep rising temperatures at bay.
Soluble Nutrient Systems
The next feature to examine when managing a DWC system is nutrients.In short, not all types of nutrient systems are meant to be used in hydroponic gardens. Variants of fish fertilizers, for instance, would perform very poorly in an aerated, and constantly recirculating system like deep water culture. In a matter of days, if not hours, the enzymes, microbes and proteins found in fish hydrolysate would begin to bubble, foam, and gurgle, quickly becoming the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria and fungi. Instead of sticking to your favourite outdoor or organic fertilizer, try finding a soluble, highly concentrated and well-reviewed nutrient system that is specific for soilless mediums. To browse GreenPlanet’s selection of nutrient systems, click here.
Two features, aeration and re-circulation, are both fundamental aspects of a well-functioning deep water-culture system. Since plants in DWC systems are submerged in water and are outside of their “normal” environmental conditions, oxygen levels within the reservoir must remain high to both enhance the plant’s metabolism and simulate an oxygenated environment. Likewise, a recirculating system can provide plants with a steady stream of nutrients, fresh water and oxygen from connected buckets and water storage tanks. For the best results in a DWC system, make sure your equipment functioning as advertised, and change airstones, pumps and additional parts when needed.
Want to start growing in your own deep water-culture system? GreenPlanet is here to help! Discover which fertilizer, medium or method would work best for your garden. For all other questions, contact a member of the GreenPlanet sales team, or your local garden supply store for product information and purchasing inquiries.
Royal Queen Seeds: Cannabis Blog. (2018). Get huge yields using deep water culture (DWC). Retrieved January 15th, 2020 from Royalqueenseeds.com
GroWell: UK.(2014). Got rotting roots? Pythium: An in-depth analysis. Retrieved January 15th, 2020 from Growell.co.uk.
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Making sure you are grabbing the proper bottle of fertilizer for your crop is as important as other factors in a garden that influence a successful harvest. But even choosing a high-quality nutrient doesn’t necessarily automatically equal success. In order to produce a consistently healthy crop, gardeners must understand the connection between plant biology and the factors available which can influence a successful outcome. Understanding this connection, even at its most basic level, can help gardeners achieve faster periods of growth, and heavier, more quality-focused yields. Throughout this article, we will be examining the parts of plant food, as well as tools available to gardeners that ensure nutrient availability across periods of growth and bloom.
What is N-P-K?
N-P-K is an acronym for the most readily available macronutrients found in plant food. These important elements, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), are the building blocks of plant nutrition and are an essential part of a plant’s diet throughout the periods of vegetative and flowering growth. Nitrogen, arguably the most important soluble macronutrient is responsible for creating the green parts in plant stems and leaf growth (Rienders, 2001, p. 108). Phosphorous and potassium, on the other hand, are utilized by the plant as energy, sugar, and essential oil carries, while also promoting plant disease and temperature hardiness, as well as early maturity and enhanced flavour and colour in flowering plants (Rienders, 2001, p. 108).
What’s even more important than understanding the parts of plant food, is realizing the potential these elements have under ideal conditions. The unit of measurement which directly affects the uptake of fertilizer in any hydroponic and soil-based system is the pH, or, the potential hydrogen of a given nutrient solution or substance. pH is the measurement of acidity or alkalinity in any given substance on a scale of 0-14, with 7 being neutral. In the field of gardening, however, pH is the main factor that dictates the uptake of nutrients in the root-zone; and so, depending on the pH of your plant’s medium and nutrient solution, your plants may uptake more or less of a specific element. Author of The Growers Handbook, David Robinson, dives deeper into the subject of nutrient uptake, availability and pH, by stating:
pH is an essential factor in the uptake of nutrients. While available nutrients remain fairly stable in regular soil, pH fluctuations in a hydroponic garden will dramatically affect whether nutrients are more or less available. Study the chart provided to understand how different nutrients are more or less available on different sides of the scale.
(Robinson, 2012, p. 14)
The pH Scale and Nutrient Uptake
The chart that Robinson mentions can be found below; this guide illustrates a list of available elements that have the potential for uptake at various pH levels. As you can see, for plants, the “sweet-spot” for nutrient uptake seems to fall between the ranges of 6.0 – 6.5. At this level, plants have the ability to uptake essential macro-elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium discussed in the former half of this article. Furthermore, at an adequate pH range, plants have access to abundant sources of micronutrients which help ward off common deficiencies and lead to the faster and healthier development of new growth.
Tiers of Feeding: PPM
Another tool of measurement available to gardeners is PPM, or Parts Per Million, which measures the concentration of a nutrient solution (Robinson, 2012, p. 17). The affordances of this tool have led to some general conclusions about the tiers of feeding in the gardening community. For fruiting and flowering plants, for example, there is a general consensus regarding the scale at which plants in different stages of growth can be fed. Again, borrowing from The Growers Handbook, David Robinson illustrates this consensus in the lines:
In most situations, plants do not require a PPM any higher than 1400. Often the same results or better can be achieved without exceeding 1000 PPM. It is very important to know the requirements of the particular plant that you are growing. Some plants are heavy feeders while others can only handle moderate food levels. The size of the plant also plays a role in the amount of food needed. Obviously larger plants can handle more food while smaller plants cannot..
(Robinson, 2012, p. 18)
If you’re curious about acceptable tiers of feeding throughout the different stages of plant growth, consult the guide below for a general program (Robinson, 2012, p. 18).
Cuttings – 300 PPM
Babies – 400-600 PPM
Vegetative 700-1000 PPM
Flowering 1000-1400 PPM
Maximizing Nutrient Uptake: Connecting N-P-K, pH and PPM
To maximize the rate at which your plant’s uptake available nutrients, combine the knowledge of this article in your daily gardening practices. First, make sure you’re using a nutrient system with a well-rounded N-P-K ratio. Second, measure and buffer the pH of your nutrient solution to maintain an acceptable range; as stated above, the most common range for steady nutrient uptake is between 6.0 – 6.5. Lastly, utilize available testing equipment to measure the inputs of your garden. PPM is one among many ways of testing the content of your nutrient solution, and is, as Robinson states, “your eyes when it comes to mixing a nutrient solution” (2012, p .19).
Every year, High Times magazine sets out to examine the industry’s leading products. Nutrients, mediums, containers, ventilation gear and lighting are all candidates for being in featured their respective categories. However, only the very best equipment is eligible to be a part of the magazine’s annual Stash Award. GreenPlanet’s Rezin has recently received the honour of being named the “best flavour enhancer” of 2020 in High Times magazine. This means that among other flavour-enhancing products on the market, High Times found that Rezin beat the competition in terms of the product’s ability to improve taste, aroma and trichome density. Here’s what Mark Walman, COO of GreenPlanet Nutrients had to say about Rezin receiving High Times best flavour enhancer award:
A big thanks to High Times for recognizing Rezin as last year’s best flavour enhancer. To be included as a part of the 2020 Stash Awards means that growers in the industry are moving towards clean, quality-focused products that enhance the natural characteristics of plants – something that has always been a part of the mission at GreenPlanet. Rezin has been a major asset to our catalogue, and as the “best flavour enhancer” of 2020, we are more excited than ever to bring Rezin into 2021 and beyond.
(Mark Walman, 2021, GreenPlanet Nutrients)
High Times 2020 Stash Award
As High Times winner of the best flavour enhancer award, Rezin was accompanied by leading brands including Quest, HM Digital, FoxFarm and Twister. However, Rezin was the only liquid nutrient product to be featured in High Times’ best of 2020 article. Here’s what the writers of High Times had to say about Rezin:
GreenPlanet’s Rezin is the flavour enhancer you’ve been waiting for. It contains readily available amounts of molybdenum, a micronutrient that converts nitrates into valuable forms of nitrogen and amino acids, and vitamin B1 to aid in plant growth. GreenPlanet promises that you’ll see visual improvements in your plants as well as better aroma and taste in the final product. And it will not impact the PPM/EC levels of your existing nutrient solution.
To read more about High Times’ 2020 Stash Awards, click here.
Rezin at the Trail Blazin’ Cannabis Facility
This isn’t the first time GreenPlanet’s Rezin was featured in a High Times article. Previously, Rezin was given a product spotlight in a blog post that summarized the thirteenth episode of Growing Exposed titled, “Trail Blazin”. In this article, author Jeremy Dichen discusses the cleanliness, green gardening practices and recent success of the Trail Blazin’ cannabis facility (2018, para. 7). Dichen also mentions that the growers at Trail Blazin’ pay special attention to the quality of terpenes their plants produce (2018, para. 10). They care so much, in fact, that these producers give their clients open access to testing information. For example, you can access test results about the strains they cultivate by visiting their website. With this resource, all Trail Blazin’ clients can evaluate the THC content, chemical profile, and terpene fingerprint of available strains.
Now more than ever, licensed producers need to stay ahead of the competition. So, to naturally enhance the terpene density of their plants, these growers rely on a single flavour enhancer – Rezin. The growers at Trail Blazin’ farms also care about what they feed their plants. So, it happens to be an added benefit that Rezin contains no harsh salts, unnatural substances or PGR’s.
Thanks again to High Times for naming GreenPlanet’s Rezin as the best flavour enhancer of 2020! To learn more about Rezin, contact the sales representatives at GreenPlanet. Look out for Rezin at your local garden supply store!
High Times Magazine. (2020). The 2020 stash awards. High Times. Retrieved April, 8th 2021 from HighTimes.com.
Diechen, J. (2018). Growing exposed episode 13—trail blazin’. High Times. Retrieved April, 8th 2021 from HighTimes.com.
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Meet GreenPlanet Nutrient’s Dual Fuel feed program – the 2-part nutrient system which emphasizes simplicity, reliability and results in the garden. Built for beginners, experts, hobbyists, and commercial growers, the Dual Fuel feeding system makes no apologies for being the easiest and most economical fertilizer on the market. Testing has shown that using Dual Fuel alone would reasonable ensure a successful harvest; however, by combining GreenPlanet’s aggressive 2-part formula with other additives like Vitathrive, Massive Bloom Formulation, Rezin,and Liquid Weight, a confident outcome is not only probably, but guaranteed. For tips on getting the most out of the Dual Fuel feed program, follow the passages below.
A feed program is a schedule of plant nutrition that can be mapped in terms of fertilizer dosage, ratio, supplementation and use overtime. Usually containing several bottles, a complete feeding program should contain supplements including a base nutrient fertilizer, a vitamin supplement, a bloom booster, a source of carbohydrates and a trichome enhancer. By combining the inputs in a feeding program, prompted with other factors that produce a confident yield, growers can expect their garden to produce the most quality-driven harvest possible. To browse a complete list of feed programs available at GreenPlanet Nutrients, click here.
The Dual Fuel program was designed for growers who want to get the most out of their garden. As the largest and most highly variable input in the garden, fertilizer is something that is constantly being purchased, tinkered with, and improved upon. However, with GreenPlanet’s Dual Fuel program, the tinkering can stop and the rewards can begin. Possibly the easiest and most economical way to garden, the Dual Fuel program is one that can be mastered by even the most inexperienced grower.
Boasting an aggressive NPK ratio, high concentration rates, and a stable pH range, the Dual Fuel programis unmatched by competitors in terms of content, value and reliability. Dual Fuel is the perfect choice for growers who want to produce a clean harvest, free of headaches, mishaps and challenges. However, before committing your garden to GreenPlanet’s 2-part program, consult a description of each supplement included in the kit below:
Dual Fuel 1: Base Nutrient
Dual Fuel 1 is the nitrogen (N) heavy component of GreenPlanet’s 2-part system. Loaded with other important micronutrients like calcium, copper, iron and zinc, Dual Fuel 1 will be your plant’s centre of essential elements that promote green growth, broad leaves and manage nutrient deficiencies. Furthermore, after mixing Dual Fuel 1 & 2 together in the right ratios, the pH of your nutrient solution will adjust to a range of 6.0 – 6.3.
Unlike Dual Fuel 1, Dual Fuel 2 compliments the feeding program by being phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) heavy. Not only does the other half of the 2-part program supply plants with a powerful kick of (P) and (K), but it also contains important elements like magnesium and sulphur. Arguably the simplest and most reliable formula on the market, Dual Fuel 1 & 2 are recommended to be used in a 1:1 ratio throughout a plant’s lifecycle.
Vitathrive is GreenPlanet’s specially formulated vitamin supplement. Use Vitathrive aggressively throughout the vegetative stage, on transplant day, and during any period of stress to increase root growth, reduce internal stress and strengthen any plant’s immune response. The main supplementary component of Vitathrive, Thiamine or vitamin B1, has been shown to be a major inhibitor of plant resilience and helps protect your crop from stressors like pests, disease, high temperatures and drought. (Subki et al, 2018, p. 37).
Massive Bloom Formulation is GreenPlanet’s premier flowering additive, formulated with all of the necessary macro and micro-elements required to achieve an increase in flower size. As well as providing several additional beneficial properties, such as L-amino acids and a source of carbohydrates, Massive is the perfect blooming supplement to pair with the aggressive elements in the Dual Fuel program.
Rezin is GreenPlanet’s flowering additive formulated to enhance the natural processes within flowering plants that produce flavour and aroma. With no PPM, Rezin can be used with any base nutrient program until harvest to produce large, sugar-coated flowers. Now known for enhancing the “entourage effect” (Russo, 2019, para. 17), Rezin is one proprietary supplement that is a must-have for any quality-driven garden.
Liquid Weight is a supplement blend of simple carbohydrates that support beneficial microbial life in the root zone. This leads to an increase in the absorption of essential nutrients that help develop impressive aromatic flowers and fruits. Plants spend an amazing amount of energy-releasing sugars like cellulose into the root-zone; so, by supplementing your plant’s expenditures with additional carbs, you can be sure the beneficial microbes in your soil will be plentifully fed, which in turn will support the cultivation and growth of your living medium.
Like a recipe, the Dual Fuel feeding program has the best results when the formula is followed. As explained above, a feeding program is a schedule of plant nutrition that can be mapped in terms of fertilizer dosage, ratio, supplementation and use overtime. Throughout the weeks of vegetative and flowering growth, the Dual Fuel feeding program will guide the grower through different stages of a plant’s life, and offer general feeding ratios, doses and helpfully supplementation tips overtime. All the measurements of plant food on GreenPlanet’s feeding programs are described in millilitres of fertilizers per litre of water.
At a glance, you’ll notice a few distinguishing features about the Dual Fuel feeding program: first, only certain products and supplements are recommended for use in specific stages of plant growth. For example, the feeding program is split into two stages: vegetative and flowering growth. In these different stages, only certain supplements are recommended for use; for instance, you’ll notice that products that inhibit certain outcomes are only used in specific weeks of the growing cycle. Vitathrive, for example, is only recommended for use during the vegetative stage, and flowering weeks 3 – 7, taking into account that the plant’s internodal stretching may be enhanced by supplementing increased amounts of vitamin B1. In short, with all the product testing that has gone into formulating the Dual Fuel feed program, the best thing you can do for your plants is to follow the prescribed method of use.
Another aspect of the feeding chart to examine is the rise and gradual plateau of the recommended Parts Per Million (PPM) of your nutrient solution. PPM is a unit of measurement which describes the concentration of a solution; in this case, since we are examining fertilizer, PPM can be seen as a measurement that determines the strength and concentration of dissolved elements within a nutrient solution. While following the Dual Fuel feed program, you’ll notice that the PPM of you’re nutrient solution will gradually increase as you move into the flowering stage, finally plateauing in weeks 2 – 6, followed by a gradual decrease in strength as you move towards the final weeks of flush. These general measurements are based on the assumption that as time progresses, your plants will become larger, and therefore be able to digest a more concentrated nutrient solution.
Want to get your plants started with the Dual Fuel feed program? Shop below!
For all other inquiries, contact a member of the GreenPlanet sales team, or your local garden supply store for product information and purchasing inquiries.
Russo, E. (2019). The case for the entourage effect and conventional breeding of clinical cannabis: No “strain,” no gain. Frontiers in Plant Science. Retrieved, January 14th from US National Library of Medicine.
Subki, A. (2018). The role of thiamine in plants and current perspectives in crop improvement. B Group Vitamins – Current Uses and Perspective. Retrieved, January 14th, 2020 from ResearchGate.net
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The Cannabis Act is a regulatory framework that governs the legal cultivation, production, and distribution of cannabis in Canada. Officially in effect on October 17th, 2018, the Cannabis Act affords specific cannabis-related liberties to Canadian residents including the right to legally purchase quality-assured cannabis, the freedom to participate in a licensed cultivation market, and the […]
With strong genetics, ideal weather and quality sourced inputs, even novice growers can experience success during the outdoor season. New growers have taken to the outdoor garden for many reasons; but most notably, growing outside requires little to no upfront investment, as lighting systems, environmental hardware and digital controls are managed naturally by the spring […]
On the subject of plant food, it’s clear that liquid nutrients are held in the highest regard by the majority of experienced growers. Feeding programs, specifically those which offer a variety of organic, synthetic or mixed-method approaches to fertilization, time after time, produce the most quality-driven and consistent results. However, as the garden moves outdoors, […]
On October 17th, 2018, recreational cannabis became federally legal in Canada. In provinces and territories across the nation, the right to use, possess, and cultivate four cannabis plants quickly became liberties. Only two provinces, Manitoba and Quebec, chose to exclude their residents from the right to grow cannabis at home. But a year later, Quebec’s Superior Court Justice, Manon Lavoie, appealed the province’s ban on personal cultivation, arguing that the provincial law prohibiting Quebecers from growing cannabis for personal use was unconstitutional. Now, only Manitoba fights for the right to cultivate cannabis at home.
Following in the footsteps of Quebec’s appeal, Jesse Lavoie has organized TobaGrown – a committee that directly challenges Manitoba’s ban on homegrown cannabis. At GreenPlanet, we’ve always supported Canadian grower’s medicinal and legal right to cannabis cultivation: that’s why we fully support the mission of Jesse’s TobaGrown initiative. Manitoba is still the only Canadian province that continues to ban the personal cultivation of cannabis. However, with the help of TobaGrown, soon the cultivation prohibition will be another footnote in the long history of legalization.
Want to learn more about TobaGrown? Read the following passages for more information about how you can help Manitoba appeal the provincial ban on personal cannabis cultivation.
Headed by Jesse Lavoie, TobaGrown is a committee that seeks to challenge Manitoba’s ban on the personal cultivation of cannabis. Jesse is a former member of the Canadian Armed Forces and was employed as a Manitoban Corrections Officer for four years. As a result of suffering injuries during his public service, Jesse was diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and prescribed cannabis as a treatment method.
Today, Jesse has substantially overcome his PTSD and physical injury, but still chooses to consume cannabis recreationally. He was recently employed as a key account manager and business developer at Canopy Growth, a globally recognized cannabis producer. The knowledge and skills that Jesse has acquired while working in the cannabis industry have led him to deeply understand the cultivation process. It’s not the easiest craft to master, but shouldn’t all Canadian’s possess the equal right to try? That’s what Jesse and his supporters believe – and at GreenPlanet, we fully support TobaGrown’s constitutional mission.
Constitutional challenges can be long and expensive. Jesse has been working tirelessly to gain support and funding across the nation. He has set a goal of $80,000 and has to date raised $10,500. Many industry influencers across the country have championed the cause in an effort to assist in fundraising and awareness. GreenPlanet Nutrients is lending a hand to help raise funds to mount a strong legal battle against the government.
In support of Jesse’s goal, we have pledged to donate 10% of the GreenPlanet Nutrients sales in Manitoba between the dates of May 1st – July 31, 2021, directly to TobaGrown. If you choose to take part in this initiative, all you have to do is send us a sales report at the end of every month showing the unit sales and price sold on GreenPlanet Nutrients within that month and we will donate a cheque to TobaGrown on behalf of GreenPlanet Nutrients and your retail store. All Manitoban retailers who have a GreenPlanet Wholesale account are eligible to participate in this effort. Here is the list of retailers that have partnered with us in order to support Jesse’s constitutional battle:
We couldn’t be happier to partner with retailers who are committed to fundraising such a worthy cause. Jesse’s passion for providing Manitobans with the tools needed to legally cultivate cannabis at home has re-fostered a sense of community that has long made our industry strong.
Want to directly support TobaGrown and learn more about the Constitutional Challenge? Visit their social media profiles or contact them directly at the links below.
When faced with the task of gardening indoors, there are many systems, styles and cultural practices that can lead growers towards a successful harvest. However, among other systems that seek to reward gardeners with the most fruitful and quality-driven harvests, styles of “hydroponic” horticulture are arguably the most reliable. While other systems utilize soil, peat or other mediums to support plants during a crop, a true hydroponic system relies on nothing but water to facilitate nutrient to root-zone exchange and offers the gardener reduced water, nutrient and labour expenditures throughout the lifecycle of a plant. If you’re interested in saving your garden time, money and natural resources, then growing with hydroponics may be a good fit. Follow the article below for a detailed description of hydroponics and the most popular water-working systems in the industry.
What is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is the science and method of growing plants outside substrates like soil, and typically involves the “working” of water to strategically satisfy the needs of growing plants. This definition, however, can be used quite loosely, as a “hydroponic” garden can be described as any system which utilizes technology in order to irrigate plants that are not in soil. In this sense, even a relatively primitive drip irrigation system can be thought of as hydroponic. The main “goal” or strategy of hydroponic gardening, however, is to manage the growth of plants by maintaining precise measurements of water and nutrients. With these goals in mind, gardeners can typically expect the following advantages (among others) from growing in a hydroponic system:
Although different, all hydroponic systems have a single common feature: a reservoir. A reservoir’s function is to store water and liquid nutrients in constant supply. Depending on the system, the reservoir will expel these growth-enhancing compounds by the force of gravity, or an automated pump. So, where are the water savings? Unlike a traditional outdoor garden, where the gardener would hook-up a hose line to the house or garden shed and water plants until run-off, a hydroponic reservoir recycles waste-water and collects the run-off from irrigated plants back into its original holding tank. In this way, a recirculating hydroponic system, especially when driven at scale, can save growers hundreds, if not thousands of gallons of water per crop.
This advantage pairs hand in hand with the point explained above. If the waste-water in a hydroponic system is recirculating back into the reservoir after every irrigation, it is subsequently collected and added back to the sum of water held in the holding tank. This feature of a recirculating hydroponic system ensures that unused water and nutrients can be stored for later use. Furthermore, unlike a traditional irrigation system, a recirculating reservoir, if properly aerated, can function without a water and nutrient change for an average of ten days.
Perhaps the most important advantage to expect from a hydroponic system is the savings of time and labour. In short, hydroponic systems that are governed by a timer do not need to be manually irrigated. This feature can save growers valuable time, and costs of labour on a larger scale. Want to manage your garden from a distance? Check out TrolMaster’s line of irrigation technology available at GreenPlanet Wholesale!
Types of Hydroponic Systems
Now that we’ve covered the expected advantages of growing hydroponically, it’s time to examine the types of potential systems that seek to promote these growth-enhancing properties. Now, while this list describes perhaps the most popular systems, it is in no way exhaustive. And, although the systems appear different, they all attempt to facilitate the goal of providing plants with natural patterns of growth through more technologically efficient means. Before choosing your system from the list, make sure you’ve invested in the necessary tools to manage the inputs of your hydroponic system; these may include a digital pH monitoring system, a PPM or TDS meter, and, depending on the type and size of your system, water or coil chillers may be essential.
Perhaps the easiest system to manage, a drip irrigation system can be installed from lengths of premium flexible hose, poly mainline and/or PVC pipe. From the mainline, smaller, even more flexible tubing, commonly referred to as “spaghetti” hose, is extended to the sites of plants for irrigation. All the advantages explained in the section above are present in a drip irrigation system, as pumps that feed the nutrient solution into the mainline can be automated by simple timers. Additionally, if plants are suspended above the reservoir on a flood table, all the waste-water has an opportunity to be recirculated into the holding tank.
Flood and Drain (Ebb & Flow)
A flood a drain system is arguably the industry’s most reliable water-based system. In a standard ebb & flow system, plants are stabilized on tables in a variety of potential media, including peat, coco, rockwool and hydrostone. Water is then pumped up to the table from a reservoir which saturates the medium and then is left to drain naturally through bulkhead fittings back into the reservoir. If you’re new to hydroponics, this system is one that can be mastered after only a single crop.
An aeroponic system uses small fittings attached to the mainline pipe to mist the root-zone of plants. The waste-water which runs off the root-tips is then recollected in the reservoir for later use. Unlike the other systems in this list, aeroponic gardens have the greatest potential for water and nutrient savings; however, this system is known to be very tricky to master, and aeroponic gardens require several misting cycles an hour. So, be sure to keep an eye on your crop!
Deep Water Culture (DWC)
Great for plants that resemble trees, a deep water culture system houses a crop in large buckets or totes and immerses them completely in aerated water. Like an aeroponic garden, this system has amazing potential for water and nutrient savings, because not a drop of nutrient solution is wasted. These systems can be fabricated from hardware found in garden stores, or bought pre-made and assembled at home from manufacturers like Current Culture H20.
Ready to elevate your garden? Find out which medium would benefit your system the most by reading the blog: The Difference Between Organic and Synthetic Gardening. Discover which medium, fertilizer and method of use is the best choice for you and your garden. For all other questions, contact a member of the GreenPlanet sales team, or your local garden supply store for product information and purchasing inquiries.
Growing in a hydroponic system? Check out our feed program bundles:
Committing to a brand of plant food is perhaps one of the most important decisions to be made in the garden. Choosing a specific fertilizer, whether it be organic, mineral-based, soluble, or slow-release, will determine several different and varying outcomes throughout the growing periods of a plant’s lifecycle, and at harvest time. For example, if you choose to garden organically, this choice will affect the options of growing media and styles of cultivation compatible with organic fertilizers. The same reasoning applies to those who side with synthetic fertilizers, as some mineral-based fertilizers are labelled as “hydro-specific”, and are more or less recommended for use in coco, rockwool, or water-based mediums.
However, among variants of mineral-based fertilizers available in today’s market, there is one that stands out to consumers as possibly the most concentrated, versatile, and affordable base nutrient system – GreenPlanet Nutrients Dual Fuel. Whether you’re new to the trade or have been growing for decades, Dual Fuel can offer growers everywhere the simplicity and quality-driven results so desperately needed in the garden. Interested? The following is a list of growers who should be using GreenPlanet’s Dual Fuel in the garden.
Don’t be ashamed – if you’re a novice grower, dealing with liquid fertilizers for the first time is a challenge, especially when the stack of nutrients involves complicated ratios and constant pH balancing. As a beginner, all you need for a successful garden is two bottles: Dual Fuel 1 & 2. Plain and simple, it’s easy to use. Dual Fuel was designed to balance perfectly in water at a range of around 6.0 – 6.2; so, although checking the pH of your nutrient solution is a good habit, it is in no way required to ensure the efficacy of your daily feeding schedule. With this attribute, Dual Fuel can help save you time in your daily gardening routine, as well as the misfortune of feeding your plants at an undesirable pH range.
Even more attractive to beginners is the unmatched utility of the Dual Fuel base nutrients. In a sense, it’s foolproof. As mentioned above, Dual Fuel was formulated to be used in a 1:1 ratio with each part, which means no matter the volume nutrient to be mixed, the ratio of Dual Fuel 1 to 2 will remain constant. This again saves the gardener time and headache, as feeding schedules are no longer required if you’re only using Dual Fuel 1 & 2.
Want to give Dual Fuel a go? You can get growing with Dual Fuel with our handy starter kits!
If you’ve been gardening for years, it’s safe to say you’ve tried your fair share of liquid nutrient programs. Well, it’s time to stop searching for the perfect nutrient stack and settle on Dual Fuel. Just as Dual Fuel has its advantages for beginners, these attributes are multiplied when its aggressive formula is given to experts in the field. While beginners may be more zealous about trying different varieties of plant food, after years of cultivation, experts only look for a few things while purchasing fertilizers: complete ingredients, affordability, and results.
Lucky for experts growing with GreenPlanet, the Dual Fuel nutrient system fits this bill. Possibly the most complete 2-Part on the market, Dual Fuel 1 & 2 are packed full of essential elements for plant health. For instance, a brief consultation with the guaranteed analysis of ingredients will reveal the long list of compounds that go into each bottle. Not only does the Dual Fuel formulation have a balanced NPK ratio for vegetative and flowering growth, but the list of essential micronutrients in the bottles are vast, and include important elements like calcium, magnesium, sulphur, copper, zinc and more.
The Commercial Grower
If you operate a large garden, you’re not doing it alone; it’s no secret that you need many hands to produce a quality driven product. However, the overseer of a garden is responsible for many things, one of which is instructing the staff on the processes behind mixing and balancing liquid nutrients and water. This can often be a taxing process, filled with trial and error, multiple learning curves, upsetting crops and poor delivery of high-quality products. However, with the Dual Fuel program in the mix, these worries are thrown to the wayside, as the pH stability and seamless mixing patterns of this product evidently attempt to flatten the learning curve of any potential master grower. In turn, these attributes will arguably speed up production time, and lead to a cleaner, happier garden.
Dual Fuel 1 & 2 are hyper-concentrated, with the average application (depending on plant age, size and stage) coming in at 1.0 – 2.0 ml per litre. With its marginally low upfront cost, this program is a dream for the minimalist operator who is looking for an economical nutrient system that can produce consistent results.
Unlike indoor gardening hardware, like lighting equipment, ventilation gear and other environmental controls, fertilizer is something that is always being purchased. In response to this inevitability, GreenPlanet Nutrients formulated Dual Fuel, a program that attempts to shorten the periods between costly trips to the garden supply store. Dual Fuel’s hyper-concentration and easy mixing habits lead to less waste and more value per litre than any competitor on the market. In short, for all of us who value a minimalist perspective in the garden, there is no base nutrient simpler than Dual Fuel. Just add Dual Fuel in a 1:1 ratio at the recommended rate, and watch your plant explode with both vertical and lateral growth.
No matter your experience, preferences or the size of the garden, the Dual Fuel program can assist in providing you, and your plants with the stability, ease and value you deserve and expect from GreenPlanet Nutrients.
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